The Legality of Intellectual Property Rights under Islamic Law

Share via Email A woman walks by a shop window displaying wedding gowns in Kiev, Ukraine. After the annexation of Crimea, pro-Russian forces are stirring tension in this Black Sea port, and there are weekly standoffs between demonstrators who want to be part of Ukraine and those who want closer ties to Russia. But for all the political and economic chaos that has engulfed Ukraine in the past three months, one industry is still thriving: The economies of several Ukrainian cities are boosted by the surreal and disingenuous online bride business, and Odessa is the biggest hub. It does not take long for a visitor to the city to stumble upon an “international date” — there are legions of western men in town meeting with young women they have met online, usually with the conversation facilitated by a translator. At internet cafes and homes across the city, thousands of women spend hours each day chatting to prospective suitors online. There is nothing like the prospect of economic hardship to facilitate intercontinental liaisons, and so, far from business drying up in recent months, the romance and “bride” trade is booming. If anything, there are now more western men planning trips to Odessa than there were last year, when I accompanied a “romance tour” to Ukraine for a magazine story. I spent a week in Odessa with 29 men, all of them hoping to find a wife during their trip.

Islamic contributions to Medieval Europe

Visual arts In order to answer whether there is an aesthetic , iconographic, or stylistic unity to the visually perceptible arts of Islamic peoples, it is first essential to realize that no ethnic or geographical entity was Muslim from the beginning. There is no Islamic art, therefore, in the way there is a Chinese art or a French art. Nor is it simply a period art, like Gothic art or Baroque art, for once a land or an ethnic entity became Muslim, it remained Muslim, a small number of exceptions such as Spain or Sicily notwithstanding.

Political and social events transformed a number of lands with a variety of earlier histories into Muslim lands. But because early Islam as such did not possess or propagate an art of its own, each area could continue, in fact often did continue, whatever modes of creativity it had acquired. It may then not be appropriate at all to talk about the visual arts of Islamic peoples, and one should instead consider separately each of the areas that became Muslim:

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During this period, artists, engineers, scholars, poets, philosophers, geographers and traders in the Islamic world contributed to agriculture, the arts, economics, industry, law, literature,navigation, philosophy, sciences, sociology, and technology, both by preserving earlier traditions and by adding inventions and innovations of their own. Also at that time the Muslim world became a major intellectual centre for science, philosophy, medicine and education. Many classic works of antiquity that would otherwise have been forgotten were translated into Arabic and later in turn translated into Turkish, Sindhi, Persian, Hebrew and Latin.

The art of papermaking was obtained from prisoners taken at the Battle of Talas , spreading to the Islamic cities of Samarkand and Baghdad. The Arabs improved upon the Chinese techniques of using mulberry bark by using starch to account for the Muslim preference for pens vs. By AD there were hundreds of shops employing scribes and binders for books in Baghdad and public libraries began to become established.

From here paper-making spread west to Morocco and then to Spain and from there to Europe in the 13th century. Much of this learning and development can be linked to topography. The tradition of the pilgrimage to Mecca became a center for exchanging ideas and goods. The influence held by Muslim merchants over African-Arabian and Arabian-Asian trade routes was tremendous. As a result, Islamic civilization grew and expanded on the basis of its merchant economy, in contrast to their Christian, Indian and Chinese peers who built societies from an agricultural landholding nobility.

Merchants brought goods and their faith to China, India, South-east Asia, and the kingdoms of Western Africa and returned with new inventions. Merchants used their wealth to invest in textiles and plantations. Aside from traders, Sufi missionaries also played a large role in the spread of Islam, by bringing their message to various regions around the world.

Importance of Marriage in Islam

Astrolabe quadrant England Fibonacci presented the first complete European account of the Hindu-Arabic numeral system from Arabic sources in his Liber Abaci Based heavily on Ptolemy ‘s Almagest and Islamic astronomy, it was one of the most influential works of pre- Copernican astronomy in Europe. For the task of predicting planetary motions they turned to the Alfonsine Tables , a set of astronomical tables based on the Almagest models along with Islamic modifications, including the trepidation of Thabit ibn Qurra.

Islamic medicine European depiction of the Persian doctor al-Razi , in Gerard of Cremona ‘s Receuil des traites de medecine Gerard de Cremona translated numerous works by Arabic scholars, such as al-Razi’s, but also those of Ibn Sina.

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The assault against Nimrud came just a week after the release of a video showing Islamic State forces smashing museum statues and carvings in Mosul, the city they seized along with much of northern Iraq last June. Nimrud, about 20 miles 30 km south of Mosul, was built around BC. Four centuries later it became capital of the neo-Assyrian empire – at the time the most powerful state on Earth, extending to modern-day Egypt, Turkey and Iran.

But ruins of the ancient city remain at the northern Iraqi site, which has been excavated by a series of experts since the 19th century. British archaeologist Max Mallowan and his wife, crime writer Agatha Christie, worked at Nimrud in the s. Secretary of State John Kerry said he was deeply disturbed by the destruction at Nimrud. But the damage wreaked by Islamic State, not just on ancient monuments but also on rival Muslim places of worship, has been swift, relentless and more wide-ranging.

It also showed damage to a huge statue of a bull at the Nergal Gate into the city of Nineveh.

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Controversy[ edit ] Anthropologist Helen Fisher in What happens in the dating world can reflect larger currents within popular culture. For example, when the book The Rules appeared, it touched off media controversy about how men and women should relate to each other, with different positions taken by New York Times columnist Maureen Dowd [58] and British writer Kira Cochrane of The Guardian. Sara McCorquodale suggests that women meeting strangers on dates meet initially in busy public places, share details of upcoming dates with friends or family so they know where they’ll be and who they’ll be with, avoid revealing one’s surname or address, and conducting searches on them on the Internet prior to the date.

Don’t leave drinks unattended; have an exit plan if things go badly; and ask a friend to call you on your cell phone an hour into the date to ask how it’s going. If you explain beautifully, a woman does not look to see whether you are handsome or not — but listens more, so you can win her heart. That is why I advise our boys to read stories and watch movies more and to learn more beautiful phrases to tell girls.

The Internet is shaping the way new generations date. Facebook , Skype , Whatsapp , and other applications have made remote connections possible. Online dating tools are an alternate way to meet potential dates. The average duration of courtship before proceeding to engagement or marriage varies considerably throughout the world. He has to build his own house, store lots of tobacco and dry coffee leaves for the girl’s parents and have many cows and goats.

If the girl is from a wealthy family the dowry given to her parents is worth about to cows, about 1, sheep or goats, five camels and three rifles. Shanghai marriage market Patterns of dating are changing in China, with increased modernization bumping into traditional ways. One report in China Daily suggests that dating for Chinese university women is “difficult” and “takes work” and steals time away from academic advancement, and places women in a precarious position of having to balance personal success against traditional Chinese relationships.

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history of Islamic banking and finance, dating from the s, yet even there the industry is very underdeveloped an agency contract which provides for the appointment of a wakil or agent to manage the financial assets of a person, Islamic Banking and Finance in North Africa Table of Contents 3 Glossary 4 Executive summary.

Representation of the Islamic Values in the Website of rumahtaaruf. Within that framework, the manifestations of internet technology implementation are so wide, including as online dating. The internet facilitates the search for spouses through the online dating web. In Islamic terminology these pages packed with a construction of Islamic values. The used of internet as tool of mediation means of matchmaking in this page is interesting to examine more deeply, because more based on a reflection mechanism Islamic behavior.

The Islamic behavior is, such as in the offline dating, man and woman are not allowed to meet without a mediator a third person. This study is a qualitative research, with content analysis method. Besides that, from this study also concluded that these pages represent Puritanism of dating, the value of Islamic brotherhood and group identity. This page is also a page that does not pay, do not rely on purely transactional relationship, has an agenda that is not directly communicate socially appropriate procedure rules to the Islamic.

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